Comparison of 3 corneal cytology collection methods for evaluating equine ulcerative keratitis

Fonte: Laura Proietto, Sarah S. Beatty, Caryn E. Plummer

Cytobrush (CB), Kimura platinum spatula (KS), and blunt edge of # 10 stainless steel surgical blade (SB) used for collection of corneal cytology
   Cytobrush (CB), Kimura platinum spatula (KS), and blunt edge of # 10 stainless steel surgical blade (SB) used for collection of corneal cytology

Purpose: To compare corneal cytology samples from three common sampling techniques: cytobrush (CB), Kimura platinum spatula (KS), and the handle edge of a scalpel blade (SB). Methods: Equine patients presenting to the University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine with ulcerative keratitis were included. Following diagnosis of corneal ulcer and sampling for microbial culture, two cytology samples per technique were collected with sterile CB, KS, and SB in a randomized order. Cytologic evaluation was performed by two observers masked to collection method. Objective measures of sample cellularity, quality, distribution, and identification of infectious organisms were recorded per 10 monolayer cell populations using 509 magnification with oil immersion which were compared to culture results. Variables were compared using ANOVA with Student’s t test when appropriate and Cohen’s kappa (k) to evaluate inter- and intra-observer agreement (IOA) between observers and techniques. Results: Twenty equine patients (120 samples) were included. The IOA between observers was substantial (k = 0.75  0.06) for cytological parameters. SB provided the most cellular samples (P < .01). There was a trend toward agreement (k = 0.12  0.16) in technique for sample quality (P = .08). CB and SB had significantly poorer cell distribution than KS (P < .05). Infection was confirmed in 12 of 20 patients with SB and CB techniques having a significantly higher diagnostic yield than KS (P < .05) and was most consistent with infection confirmed on culture. Conclusions: The SB provided the most diagnostic samples but all three techniques are clinically useful in evaluating equine ulcerative keratitis.

 

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